All posts tagged 1989

Double Take: Blower v. Displacement – 1989 944 Turbo v. 1991 944 S2

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Recent technology, engineering and computers have challenged the age-old automotive adage: “There’s no replacement for displacement”. The other day I caught an article claiming the new twin-turbo Audi S8 and S7 can be beefed up and are running sub-4 second runs to 60mph. Not bad for only 4 liters; that would best any muscle car from the 1960s without too much trouble. That, coupled with the Porsche 968 I wrote up the other day got me wondering; given about the same money, would I choose a 944 Turbo or a 944 S2? Well, lucky for us I found two good examples at right around the same miles and price; let’s start with the Turbo:

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Year: 1989
Model: 944 Turbo
Engine: 2.5 liter turbocharged inline-4
Transmission: 5-speed manual
Mileage: 102,073 mi
Price: $13,000 Buy It Now

CLICK FOR DETAILS: 1989 Porsche 944 Turbo on eBay

Maintenance:

-Clutch kit replacement and re-surface of flywheel (2006, 62,751 mi)

-Timing belt and water pump replacement (2009, 85,347 mi)

-Alternator replacement (2009, 89,378 mi)

-New tires (2011, approx. 2000 mi driven on them)

-New battery (2013, 102,073 mi)

History:

I’m the third owner. Originally purchased in Germany (Canadian Military Car Sales, Nurnberg). Second owner had it for approx. six years / 8000 miles when I purchased it in 2011. I have the original paperwork and still in contact with the second owner. I drove it (approx. 59,000 mi)so it has normal wear and tear on it but mechanically it is in excellent shape and runs quite good.

This car seems to have an interesting history, matched by it’s interesting color combination. The white interior includes the more rare sport seats with tremendous bolsters; those bolsters show wear (as does the white) which is inevitable if you want to drive the car. The exterior shade is one I’ve only seen on later 944S2s interestingly, and for a Turbo is pretty unique. Some mechanical history is included, which is nice, and while this car isn’t pristine I’d classify it as a very nice driver example. There is some light wear showing outside, the wheels don’t shine as they originally did and the dash is cracked. Great, now stop worrying about those things and just drive it. The 1989s – though not termed “S” – got all of the S upgrades including the M030 suspension and uprated 250hp motor. These are great driving cars, well balanced and fairly bulletproof as long as you don’t turn the boost up too much. Older turbo technology a little too scary for you? How about jumping up a bunch of valves and half a liter to the 944 S2:

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Year: 1991
Model: 944 S2
Engine: 3.0 inline-4
Transmission: 5-speed manual
Mileage: 106,000 mi
Price: No Reserve Auction, $13,000 opening bid

CLICK FOR DETAILS: 1991 Porsche 944 S2 on eBay

I have a much loved 1991 Porsche 944s2 with rare options. It is the last year produced and has the one year only options that became the 968. Red with Gray and black interior. Everything works flawlessly and has been maintained to an incredible standard by one of the renowned 944/928 specialist shops. It has new leather because I wanted it not because it needed it. It has 968 matte black cupII wheels with new tires but I have like new original wheels and tires with it. It has ice cold air, Power windows and mirrors, Sunroof, new Porsche drilled rotors and pads. Dash is perfect, no cracks. I just did the full service cam tensioner / timing belt etc. I spent some money on this because my mechanic is the best. Just powder coated to factory specs the valve cover. This car needs nothing. The underside you can eat off of and I just installed a Alpine unit with Bluetooth and audio streaming of IPOD or Pandora radio with out the need to plug anything in but it has a USB plug to charge. Voice dialing and music is amazing. 5speed with limited slip differential(ultra Rare) and the 10 speaker sound system from the factory another rare option code, 968 spoiler. Original working Porsche stereo. 105k miles. All compression is like new and near even. $13500. You wont find many cars as nice and unmolested as this example. I spent years searching for this car. Never tracked adult owner.

David 949 232 8200. Car is a southern California car.

The 944 S2 was indeed the prototype for the 968, only missing it’s 6-speed option and some minor exterior refreshing. To some, the earlier “chunky” looks of the 944 are preferable. Guards Red is a safe bet on these cars and generally always looks great. As usual, I wish the Cup wheels were silver rather than Matte Black, but the sale seems to include the original Design 90s that should be on there. Like the Turbo, some maintenance is done so that’s a plus, and the interior has been refreshed “just because”. Although this car doesn’t have the sport seats of the Turbo it does carry the limited-slip rear end, making it a bit more fun in the twisties.

So, for around $13,000, which is a better deal? Well, both are pretty solid looking cars; ultimately, I think it comes down to what you want to do. Day to day, I’d have to argue the S2 is probably a better choice – they’re easier to drive around town, and because of the linear power delivery they’re actually a tad bit quicker around a track than a stock Turbo in my experience. However, “stock” and “944 Turbo” seldom go together, so if you’re inclined to have an occasional car with more scoot, the Turbo is capable of that in strides. It wouldn’t be hard to push 100 hp more than the S2 out of the 2.5, and then it would be no contest of which would be faster. I do like the rarity of the S2, but that pretty Turbo seems to be calling my name this time around…

Which would you choose?

-Carter

1989 Audi 100 Quattro 2.4 Turbo Diesel

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If this doesn’t spark your interest in a diesel, not much will! The Audi 100 Quattro is not a car that we often feature at GCFSB. Both generations of 100 quattro – C3 and C4 – fall squarely in the shadow of their more powerful big brothers. In the case of the C4, the S4 quattro stole all of the limelight from the relatively unremembered 2.8 V6 powered 100 quattro (which would be renamed the A6 quattro in 1995), while the C3 100 quattro was around for only a very short time – like the turbocharged 200 and 200 20V quattros. While not many opted for the less powerful 2.3 10V motor, they’re known as solid workhorses of cars, with many still hitting their stride with 250,000 plus miles. Like old Benzs, these cars were strong, dependable and well built – if admittedly quite slow. Today’s example has resolved some of the “slow” issue in a unique way; this particular quattro has received a 2.4 inline 5 turbo diesel transplant:

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Year: 1989
Model: 100 Quattro
Engine: 2.4 liter turbocharged inline-5
Transmission: 5-speed manual
Mileage: 98,296 mi
Price: Reserve Auction

CLICK FOR DETAILS: 1989 Audi 100 Quattro Turbo Diesel on eBay

Purchase of new house necessitates sale:

1989 Audi 100 Quattro converted to turbo diesel.

98,296 miles on chassis, 18,936 miles on engine. (Engine swap done at 79,360 miles on chassis.)

Link to build thread on VWDiesel.net: http://www.vwdiesel.net/forum/index.php?topic=25252.0

Link to build thread on MotorGeek: http://www.motorgeek.com/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=45746

YouTube video: http://youtu.be/XVP1p0f2Oik

Link to vehicle specifications on AudiWorld: http://www.AudiWorld.com -> Tools -> Model Guide -> 100 -> 1989 Audi 100

Fuel economy – I drive mostly around town, and always get better than 30 MPG. On a road trip staying between 55 and 65, it gets about 35 MPG.

As far as power, it does surprisingly well. It’s much quicker than it was in gas form. There’s always more power to be had. I would suggest a free-flow exhaust system for starters. Next would be a bigger turbo.

2.4 liter (2370cc) diesel engine from Canadian Eurovan application. 79.5 mm bore, 95.5 mm stroke, 22.5:1 compression ratio. This engine also features oil squirters under the pistons.

This is an indirect injected diesel (IDI) engine, not a direct injected (TDI) engine. In general, it revs higher, and is a little quieter than a TDI engine.

It uses 100% mechanical fuel injection, and is extremely reliable. Apart from the starter and the glow plugs, it only requires 1 wire to run, and that’s for the fuel cutoff solenoid to the fuel injection pump.

It is licensed and titled as a “Diesel”, and thus shouldn’t be any problems getting it registered in your state. In the state/county where I live, diesels don’t require emissions inspections.

I run Mobil 1 Turbo Diesel oil, and have changed the oil and filter every 5000 miles.

It is always properly warmed up. It starts in the cold well, especially when the block heater is plugged in.

The gear ratios aren’t ideal, but I have run it up to 80 MPH no problem. I mostly run it at 55 MPH or less.

It runs about 12 PSI of boost just casually rowing through the gears. It will peak at about 15 PSI when floored. When cruising down the road at a steady 55 MPH, it runs about 4 PSI.

It smokes very little. Basically the only time you can see it, is if you floor it while the engine is bogged down. There’s a good example of it in the YouTube video.

New spare parts – Brake fluid reservoir, clutch master cylinder, clutch slave cylinder, Zimmerman cross-drilled rotors for front brakes (2 sets), Hawk pads (front), stainless steel brake lines (front), brake caliper rebuild kits (front and rear) 034 Motorsport short shift kit, VDO pyrometer and wiring kit, tail light (Hella), oil drain plugs and gaskets, rear trunk lid “turbo” and “D” chrome badges from Europe.

I will also include a set of Bentley workshop manuals.

The Engine:

When VW/Audi remanufactures an engine, they recondition the good useable parts, and replace the rest with new. This particular engine has a brand new block among other things. The head was remanufactured to new specifications and new swirl chambers were installed.

The number of new parts on this car is staggering. Just a quick, yet incomplete rundown:

Pistons – Genuine

Oil pump – Genuine

Starter motor – Genuine

Camshaft – Genuine

Lifters (Hydraulic) – Genuine

Valves – Genuine

Front crankshaft sprocket – Genuine

Camshaft front sprocket – Genuine

Tensioner pulley – Genuine

Upper and lower timing belt covers – Genuine

Valve cover (imported from European Audi 100 TD application) – Genuine

Multi-layered steel head gasket (from European Audi 100 TD application) – Genuine

ARP 2000 head studs, ARP 2000 connecting rod bolts, ARP main bolts

Dual mass flywheel and clutch from early S4 application – Luk – (Absolutely no gear chatter)

Pilot and release bearings – Genuine

Intercooler – Genuine

Upper and lower intercooler hoses – Genuine

Coolant reservoir – Genuine

All coolant hoses, including heater core hoses – Genuine

All belts – Genuine

Water pump – Genuine

Aluminum lower thermostat coolant flange – Genuine

Aluminum upper head coolant flange – Genuine

Rear head coolant flange – Genuine

Thermostat – OEM

Fuel injectors – 155 bar – Bosch

Fuel injection lines – Genuine

Turbo oil lines – Custom made by 034 Motorsport

Valve cover oil separator/breather – Genuine

Glow plugs – Bosch

Glow plug relay – Genuine

Block heater – Autobahn (Genuine)

All engine gaskets, seals, fasteners, and hose clamps – Genuine

Again, these are just some of the new parts. All of the other parts were refurbished to “as new” condition:

The already very low mile fuel injection pump was rebuilt to “Super Pump” specifications by Performance Injection in Canada (a.k.a. “Giles”). It is supposed to be able to supply enough fuel and proper timing for 250 HP, in case you decide to turn the wick up that high.

Turbo professionally rebuilt

Intake manifold – glass beaded, port matched and painted

Exhaust manifold – cleaned, no cracks

Aluminum oil pan from Audi 20 valve 3B/7A application

Pyrometer thermocouple already installed in the turbo, just needs to be connected to the gauge.

Body stuff:

Headlights – Hella

Floor mats – Genuine

Hood struts – Genuine

Shift knob – Genuine

All of the proper engine-specific tools were used in the assembly of this engine, including a freshly calibrated torque wrench.

I installed a different transmission with slightly better gear ratios. Before doing so, I replaced all of the external seals. I also replaced the transmission mounts with new.

I purchased the wheels and tires new from the Tire Rack a few years ago. The wheels are 17″ ASA in excellent condition with the exception of a little bit of pitting from the elements on the machined lip. They have never been “curbed”. The tires are Dunlop Direzza Sport Z1 215/45-17, and are in ok condition, except for the fronts which wouldn’t pass Utah safety inspection because of excessive wear on the insides. (Everything else passed the safety inspection just fine though.)

Electric vacuum pump runs the HVAC controls and rear differential lock.

Alpine head unit with full iPod control – Actually shows the album cover and such on the display. It does not play CDs.

Infinity front dash speakers

Due to its thermostatically controlled oil cooler, the engine stays cool, even in hot weather. Yet, it produces plenty of heat in the winter.

The paint and body is in very good condition with the exception of a couple of small dings, and what appears to be some oxidation on the hood, roof and trunk lid. I’m sure a good buffing would take care of it.

It’s in good condition, but it has some small issues:

The headliner in the rear is starting to sag. This is a very common occurrence on these cars. It just started a couple of months ago.

Slight battery drain – Can be left over the weekend just fine, but after more than about 4 days, the battery will be too weak to start the engine.

The tensioning rod for the alternator belt is cracked – This causes the alternator to squeal a little under load. It could easily be welded or replaced

There is a small leak around the intercooler to manifold coupling that is causing oil to weep out and land on the inside passenger-side fender and firewall.

It needs a new shift boot – These are no longer available from Audi, but I have the leather, special thread, special leather sewing machine needle, and the old one to use for parts and as a template to make a new one.

The air conditioning works, but needs a recharge. The air coming out of the vents is only slightly cooler than the ambient air. For now the belt has been removed to conserve energy.

The transmission doesn’t shift as smoothly into 2nd gear as it should. I think it’s because of the Motul transmission oil I put in there. I think original Audi transmission oil should be put back in.

The engine oil pressure indicator stays on. I think it’s either because I have it wired wrong, or the wrong sender in installed. The actual oil pressure gauge works fine, and the engine always has plenty of oil pressure.

The front passenger-side power window doesn’t reliably roll up. It eventually does, but only after clicking the switch a bunch of times.

I think the front left wheel bearing is groaning a little bit. I can’t tell for sure, but it seems like there is a little bit of noise coming from that area when slowing down to stop.

The tachometer doesn’t work. This could probably be adapted to work by running the output from an alternator with a “W” terminal up to the instrument cluster. Behind the cluster is a switch for “Petrol or Diesel”, which I assume has something to do with where the tachometer gets its input from.

Slight power steering pump leak. I think it’s leaking near the bottom of the pump, and then down onto the block. The power steering rack itself is fine, no leaks.

Small oil leak near the front of the engine somewhere. It’s very slow, and has never noticeably affected the oil levels in the engine. It could be coming from the lower turbo oil line since I have seen a drip or two there before.

The exhaust system needs a flexible coupler between the downpipe and the rest of the system. Romping on the throttle can cause this joint to come apart.

Cruise control is not operational.

All of these things have been on my “To Do” list, but I no longer have the time to work on it.

Everything else works great (e.g. ABS, rear differential lock, CV joints, sunroof, defroster, lights, etc.)

Don’t buy this because you’re looking for a cheap diesel car to drive, or because you want to run Veggie oil in it. Buy it because you’re looking for a reliable, simple, safe, and iconic 80’s vintage Audi Quattro.

Cool, cool, cool. Sure, not the most stylish Audi out there, but this one is sure unique. Yeah, you’ll fly under the radar, but you’ll do so for a long time as this is one of the lowest mile Audi 100 quattros I’ve seen for sale in a long time, and the addition of the turbo diesel insures longevity to be measured in decades, not years. If there is one thing not to like, it’s the wheels; I’d prefer to opt for something smaller and a touch more appropriate, such as these period-correct and super rare Rials:

Of course, these cars originally came with 15×6 BBSs that can still be sourced, so there’s that option as well. The relative simplicity of this car is what makes it appealing; I love that it’s cloth interior rather than leather. It will be really interesting to see where this one ends up; value is tough to peg. Normally a 100 Quattro would have a tough time even fetching a few thousand dollars, but this is simply the best one I remember seeing and the uniqueness of the turbo diesel unit kicks it up another notch. Will it outperform (in price, at least) its 200 20V brethren? If there’s a 100 Quattro that could do it, this just may be it.

-Carter

1989 Mercedes-Benz 300SE

I feel sometimes as if I’m one of the few that appreciates the W126 300SE for what it is rather than what it isn’t. Sure, it doesn’t have a long wheelbase or a V8 under the hood, but it’s still a member of one of the most popular S class generations of all time. These cars were known for their durability and were a symbol of high status in the 1980s. Good ones are getting harder to find these days but if you aren’t up for the length or thirst of the larger W126s but still want the look, the 300SE could strike a nice balance. This particular one for sale in Michigan has been owned by one family and appears to have escaped the ravages of the northern winters.

Year: 1989
Model: 300SE
Engine: 3.0 liter inline-6
Transmission: 4-speed automatic
Mileage: 88,488 mi
Price: $9,950

CLICK FOR DETAILS: 1989 Mercedes-Benz 300SE on Hemmings Motor News

A very nice Mercedes Benz 300, 4 door sedan. This is a one family owned vehicle and is in exceptional condition, with only 88,488 actual miles on it. The exterior color is silver and the interior has tan leather seats. Power options include A/C, cruise control, seats, windows and locks. Safety features include anti-lock brakes and driver/passenger airbags. This vehicle is far above average and “books and records” are available to verify the mileage.

You don’t often see a silver Mercedes paired with a parchment interior and honestly, I’m not a fan of the look. Generally, I am not big on tan interiors to begin with, but in my opinion this interior would be better paired with Smoke Silver, black or a dark blue hue. The last 300SE we featured was listed at this exact same price and had but a few thousand miles less on the clock. Around $10,000 is about the high end of the market for these six cylinder short wheelbase W126 sedans. If this car is as good as it looks, a little bit of negotiation on the price would net a nice modern classic.

-Paul

Week In Review

Welcome to Week in Review, where we’ll take a look at some of the vehicles featured on GCFSB over the last couple of weeks:

The 1986 Porsche 911 Carrera did not sell at $24,900 and has been relisted: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1984 Porsche 930 sold for $43,188: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 2006 Mercedes-Benz SLK55 AMG did not sell, garnering a final bid of $18,322.22: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1980 Porsche 911SC Weissach Edition did not sell, failing to meet its reserve with a final bid of $18,200: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1985 Audi Quattro sold for $15,000: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 2000 BMW 528i Touring sold for $5,600: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 2002 Audi TT ALMS Commemorative Edition did not sell at $11,900. The seller has reduced the Buy It Now price to $10,900: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1960 Mercedes-Benz 300d Adenauer sold for $21,250: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

Our Heap of the Week feature, the 1962 Porsche 356, sold for $56,000: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 2005 Audi A8 did not sell and has been relisted at $9,950: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1984 Porsche 930 Ruf Turbo Cabriolet sold for $59,100: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 2004 BMW Z4 3.0si Coupe did not sell and has been relisted at $26,900: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1998 BMW Z3 2.8 Coupe did not sell and has been relisted at $17,500: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The turbocharged 1991 BMW 325is did not meet its reserve with a final bid of $10,100: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1987 Volkswagen Jetta GLI 16V drew in one bid of $1,000. Subsequently the car has been relisted: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1998 BMW M3 Convertible did not meet its reserve with a final bid of $7,700: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1991 Mercedes-Benz 560SEC sold for $16,600: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1966 NSU Prinz 1000 did not sell and garnered no bids: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1993 BMW M5 Euro Spec had 40 bids but failed to meet its reserve at $16,000: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1984 Volkswagen GTI did not meet its reserve with a final bid of $5,101: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1989 Porsche 911 Speedster did not sell with a Buy It Now price of $145,000: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1991 Mercedes-Benz 560SEL did not meet its reserve with a final bid of $9,100: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1989 BMW M3 sold for $20,100: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

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The 2006 BMW Z4 M Coupe failed to meet its reserve with a final bid of $26,617.99: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 2000 BMW M Roadster did not meet its reserve with a final bid of $15,100: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 2002 BMW M5 did not meet its reserve with a final bid of $21,100: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

The 1995 Mercedes-Benz E320 estate sold for $3,059: Closed Auction | Our Post on this Car

1989 Porsche 911 Speedster

In the world of affordable 911s, the Speedster is not one of them, nor has it ever been. Known as option M503, the Speedster appeared for the 1989 model year only, with only 2,104 produced. Development on the model began in 1983 at the direction of Dr. Helmuth Bott, the research and development head at Porsche. The introduction of the 911 Cabriolet that year provided an optimal basis for a stripped down, low cowl version in the spirit of the 356 Speedster. It would also serve as a bookend to close the 3.2 Carrera chapter before the dawn of the 1990s brought four-wheel drive, twin-turbocharged engines and later, the demise of the air-cooled engine. This Speedster for sale in North Carolina is a well optioned example finished in Grand Prix White over red leather.

Year: 1989
Model: 911 Speedster
Engine: 3.2 liter flat-6
Transmission: 5-speed manual
Mileage: 25,384 mi
Price: $145,000 Buy It Now

CLICK FOR DETAILS: 1989 Porsche 911 Speedster on eBay

From the moment the 1989 911 Speedster was brought to market, it was truly beloved. After a 30-year wait, Porsche brought back the “Speedster” with this stylish, high-performance successor to the 356. With a very limited number of cars (824) sent to the United States, the beautiful and powerful Speedster was an instant collector’s car. Road Scholars is delighted to offer this impressive, heavily-optioned example featuring low mileage, original paint, gorgeous original red leather interior, and a well-documented provenance.

1989 911 Speedster
VIN: WPOEB0913KS173742
Exterior Color: Grand Prix White
Interior: Full leather in color to sample “Red”
25,384 Miles (Original paint and interior)
Four owners from new and documentation on the mileage.
Note: Original exhaust comes with the Speedster (After market exhaust currently on it).
Includes all the original books (tools) and even PCNA letter to new Speedster owners dated 1989.

Options from the factory include:
1. Leather color to sample
2. Rim cap with Porsche crest
3. Three spoke steering wheel with horn button and enamel crest
4. Leather shift cover
5. Leather shift knob
6. Steering wheel with raised hub
7. Limited slip differential
8. Shorter gear shift lever
9. Heavy-duty windshield cleaning
10. Headlight washers
11. Grand Prix White painted wheels
12. Sport Seat (left) electric
13. Sport Seat (right) electric
14. Automatic speed control
15. Amplifier
16. Alarm system
17. Air conditioning
18. Radio with CD player
19. Luggage compartment “Black Velour”
20. Leather Piping to sample
21. Seat stitching in black
22. Leather welting color to sample

A fully documented, low mileage 911 Speedster such as this won’t come cheap, but closing in on $150,000 is a bit steep. Most 911 Speedsters you come across will be in good condition, as collectors and enthusiasts alike knew from the get go that these cars were destined to become classics. It is still possible to find a choice example of a Speedster for between $90,000 and $125,000. One wonders if the days of the under $30,000 3.2 Carrera are numbered. If so, will the Speedster variant soon move deeper into six figure territory?

-Paul

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